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Basic Element - The Ride


Basic Element - The Ride

The table below includes the essential elements and learning maps, by grade and content area, for each of the essential elements included on the DLM alternate assessments. Also included are links to professional development modules to help teachers and other educators expand their instructional strategies and understanding of the essential elements. These documents and professional development modules, along with other relevant general education curriculum materials, may be used to inform instructional planning and goal-setting.

Eligibility for the alternate assessment is a process that must happen at each annual IEP Team meeting. Criteria 2 of the eligibility criteria for the alternate assessment requires alignment between the essential elements, the student's present levels of functioning, and the IEP goals. Below are the full set of essential elements for K-12. These documents may be used for students in non-tested grades to inform instructional planning and goal-setting during years when the student is not required to participate in the alternate assessment.

The name Basic Element has a funny origin. Members had a hard time finding a good stage name, and while they was discussing about it Ceasar burned his hand on a radiator (a element in Swedish) so they decided to make a name whith 'element' in it.

In 1995 Zetma who was pregnant was replaced by Saunet Sparrell whom they met in a supermarket. On the second album the producer Stefan became co-writer of the songs. They tried to create a house-track but this failed, and the result was The Ride, the first release from the second album and the first song with Saunet's voice (released with a Sex-ride remix and a Acappella version). From the second album entitled The Ultimate Ride were also released the singles The Fiddle, This Must Be A Dream and Queen Of Love.

The aim of this element is to make sure the learner has all the information they will need to ride legally and safely on the road and to prepare them for the on-road riding element of compulsory basic training (CBT).

Add captions to your slides easily with the .carousel-caption element within any .carousel-item. They can be easily hidden on smaller viewports, as shown below, with optional display utilities. We hide them initially with .d-none and bring them back on medium-sized devices with .d-md-block.

The data-ride="carousel" attribute is used to mark a carousel as animating starting at page load. It cannot be used in combination with (redundant and unnecessary) explicit JavaScript initialization of the same carousel.

To understand the origin of this chain of inventions and developments, we need to go even further back in time. Already in the 18th century, two types of entertainment existed which included elements that would later be essential for the experience of the dark ride. One of these experiences was the Panorama: a large painting created on the inside of a cylindrical platform, giving visitors standing in the middle of the cylinder a 360 view of a specific site. In their nature, panoramas were the first experiences meant to immerse visitors into another world. This concept is still one of the basic elements of a dark ride, which intent to immerse visitors into a controlled environment and transport them to another place and/or time.

The concept of the dark ride as we know today however, in all its complexity, did not pop up at once. It took a few steps by eager inventors to bring the first true dark ride to life. This process, in which inventions followed each other quickly, happened around 1900, along with the rapid development in the amusement industry in general.

The ride by Arthur Pickard caught the attention of Paul Boyton, a showman at Coney Island, New York. Coney Island might be described as the birthplace of the amusement park: its seaside environment and good train connections to the city functioned as a major draw for visitors from the rapidly growing city of New York. The first amusement rides had emerged here since the 1870s, but the heydays of Coney Island were the years around 1900, when new developments and exciting rides were emerging every year to thrill the visitors. This started when Paul Boyton opened Sea Lion Park in 1895. Instead of operating some rides and charging admission for each of them, he fenced off his terrain and started charging an admission fee for the grounds. His park was a great success, with his famous shoot-the-chute-ride as major draw. However, the tumultuous economy at Coney Island rapidly saw the addition of a competing fenced-off park: In 1897, entrepreneur George Tilyou opened Steeplechase Park. The fierce competition brought Boyton in trouble: eventually, Sea Lion Park, the spark of the heydays of Coney Island, would only exist from 1895 to 1902.

An adaptation of the dark boat ride that has had a significantly longer life than the Hell Gate can still be found at Blackpool Pleasure Beach. This famous park could be referred to as the English Coney Island, being an amusement park with a successful start around the turn of the century and having a significant impact on the rise of the amusement park industry in general. Just like at Coney Island, the location on the seashore and at the end of a railway line started to draw lots of tourists to the town of Blackpool, which inevitably inspired entrepreneurs to establish entertainment venues to take their share of visitors. Two of these were William George Bean and John Outhwaite, business partners who in 1896 bought a plot of land at the very end of the already famous Blackpool Boardwalk and established Blackpool Pleasure Beach. Even today, the park is still owned by the family of Bean, with the current managing director being his great-granddaughter Amanda Thompson.

The River Caves at Blackpool Pleasure Beach would definitely not be the last installation of an Old Mill-type of ride. In the following years, similar rides appeared in (amongst others) Rocky Glen Park (PA, U.S.A.), Luna Park at Coney Island and Pleasureland Southport (U.K.). Clearly, the dark ride has risen to a ride format in the 10 years since Paul Boyton launched his Tunnel of Love. In particular, the Tunnel of Love/Old Mill-rides rapidly spread around the world, taking on different forms in each park to match the local desires. Within Austria, the Grottenbahn saw a similar development, becoming a ride format which was copied multiple times.

Last week, a group of three Dutch researchers published a scientific article in which they examine theoretical conceptualizations of the dark ride experience. In their research, Pieter Cornelis, Wim Strijbosch and Philip Corsius compared objective design elements of several dark rides to literature-based notions of the dark ride experience. They evaluated 238 dark rides in Europe, the Middle-East and Africa, based on data that was provided by the Dark Ride Database. Results offer a refined understanding of the underlying dimensions of design elements in dark rides. When these dimensions are visualized together in the form of a cube, this results in a new model for the typology of dark rides in theme and amusement parks: the Dark Ride Cube.

Theme parks and amusement parks offer guests a wide variety of dark rides. Based on literature study, the researchers defined three main characteristics of a dark ride: story, theming, and challenge-based gaming elements. These characteristics were operationalised in a list of 36 objective design elements, which were supplemented by six emotional elements, resulting in a list of 42 elements. In the article, this list was used to compare the theoretical notions with the sample of 238 dark rides, by evaluating on-ride video footage of these dark rides on the presence of the 42 elements.

Results indicate that story-related and theming-related elements can be boiled down to three underlying dimensions which dark rides tend to vary on: low versus high story, low versus high amount of theming features and lowly versus highly pervasive interaction. On the side of emotion arousal, the researchers found that dark rides may mostly trigger positive emotional valence and low show and ride arousal, but that high show arousal is also often triggered.

Based on the three dimensions, which came to the fore as the constituent elements for a dark ride typology, the researchers proposed the Dark Ride Cube as a model for classifying dark rides in terms of their design elements. The Dark Ride Cube presents the amount of story on the y-axis and theming on the x-axis, which are the two basic elements of themed entertainment as supported by earlier literature, and complemented them with pervasive interaction on the z-axis. By plotting the examined dark rides on these three axes, researchers found that they are highly scattered across the three dimensions.

Cornelis, P. C. M., Strijbosch, W., & Corsius, P. (2022). Conceptualizing the dark ride experience through the Dark Ride Cube: Evidence from the EMEA region. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, advance online publication.

Biogeochemical cycles describe pathways by which chemical elements move through both biotic (the biosphere) and abiotic compartments (the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere) on Earth. Along with energy flows, biogeochemical cycles establish the relations among ecosystem compartments at local, regional and global scales. In these systems of inputs, outputs, sources and sinks, elements are moved from one part of an ecosystem (e.g., ocean, soil, atmosphere) where the element may temporarily accumulate to another, back and forth among organisms, and from living organisms to the abiotic environment and back again. In other words, chemical elements are cycled and reused within and among Earth's various compartments over and over again.

The biogeochemical cycles proceed through biological, geological and chemical interactions along hydrological, gaseous, and mineral "trade routes." Among the most ecologically important and well known are the element cycles of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), and sulfur (S), as well as the water (H2O) cycle. One biogeochemical cycle that is often overlooked, however, is Earth's iron (Fe) cycle (Figure 1). 59ce067264


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